At Australia Dental Burpengary we strive to do everything possible to retain your own natural teeth. However, when the teeth are affected by advanced gum disease, decay, or other problems, extracting them may be the only option.
Removing diseased teeth is often the best way to eliminate infection and restore the gums and the supporting bone to a healthy condition.
Dentures (partial and full) are constructed to improve appearance and restore chewing efficiency.
How do you use a Partial Denture?
Removable, partial dentures consist of replacement teeth attached to gum-coloured plastic bases that may be connected by a metal framework. They attach to your natural teeth with metal clasps, or devices called precision attachments.
Precision attachments are generally more aesthetic than metal clasps, are nearly invisible, give a tighter fit, but are more costly. Crowns on some of your natural teeth would be required for the precision attachments.
What is the difference between conventional and immediate dentures?
Complete dentures are called “conventional” or “immediate” according to when they are made and when they are inserted into the mouth.
Conventional dentures are made and inserted after your remaining teeth are removed and the tissues have healed. Healing may take several months.
Immediate dentures are inserted immediately after the removal of your remaining teeth. To make this possible, we take measurements and make the models of your jaws during a preliminary visit.
An advantage of immediate dentures is that you do not have to be without teeth during the healing period. However, bones and gums shrink over time, especially during the period of healing in the first six months after the removal of teeth. When gums shrink, immediate dentures may require relining to fit properly
How long does it take to get used to a Denture?
For the first few weeks your new partial denture may feel awkward or bulky. However, your mouth will eventually become accustomed to wearing it.
Inserting and removing the denture will require some practice so follow all instructions given by us. Your denture should fit into place with relative ease. Never force the partial denture into position by biting down. This could bend or break the clasps.
What types of Partial Dentures are available?
There are three types.
Partial denture type 1
Plastic (acrylic) partials and metal partials, the difference being the material connecting the teeth together.
Plastic partials use gum coloured plastic. In many cases they prove to be quite satisfactory but for superior comfort, fit, strength and durability then the metal design is preferable.
Partial denture type 2
The metal is a very strong cobalt-chrome alloy that is cast with very precisely fitting clasps. These make the denture a much tighter fit while the strength of the metal allows the denture to be a lot thinner and more comfortable to wear.
The metal partial dentures are approximately twice the cost of the plastic partials.
Partial denture type 3
The third type is a Valplast /Thermosens denture which is a nylon-based material. This partial denture is actually flexible which allows for a very comfortable fit that engages the undercuts of the tooth so it can be a tighter, more comfortable fit. Quite often it is possible to make this type of denture without any unsightly wire clasps.
How long will it take to make the Dentures?
Generally around 2 to 3 weeks depending on whether they are plastic or metal.
Usually 5 to 6 surgery visits are required for a metal partial denture.
How long should I wear the Denture?
You will be given specific instruction about how long the denture should be worn and when it should be removed. Initially, you may be asked to wear your partial denture all the time. Although this may be temporarily uncomfortable, it is the quickest way to identify those denture parts that may need adjustment. If the denture puts too much pressure on a particular area, that spot will become sore. Your denture will be adjusted to fit more comfortably at the review appointment.
We recommend that you take the denture out of your mouth before going to bed and replace it in the morning. This allows your gums and teeth to “rest” and allows the natural cleansing action of the tongue during sleep to be as efficient as possible.
Will it be hard to eat with a Partial Denture?
Replacing missing teeth should make eating a more pleasant experience. However, it does take a short while for your mouth to learn how to handle the denture.
Start out by eating soft foods that are cut into small pieces. Chew on both sides of your mouth to keep even pressure on the denture. Avoid foods that are very sticky or hard.
Will talking be difficult?
It can be difficult to speak clearly when you have missing teeth. Consequently, wearing a partial denture may help. If you find it difficult to pronounce certain words with your new denture practice reading out loud. Repeat the words that give you trouble. With time, you will become accustomed to speaking properly with your denture.
How do I take care of my Denture?
Handling a denture requires care. It’s a good idea to stand over a folded towel or a sink of water just in case you accidentally drop the denture. Brush each day to remove food deposits and plaque. Brushing helps prevent the denture from becoming permanently stained. It is best to use a brush that is designed for cleaning dentures. They have bristles that are arranged to fit the shape of the denture. A “regular” soft-bristled toothbrush is also acceptable. Avoid using a brush with hard bristles that can damage the denture.
Some people use hand soap or mild dishwashing liquid to clean their dentures and both methods are both acceptable. Other types of household cleaners and many toothpastes are too abrasive and should not be used for cleaning dentures.
Clean your dentures by thoroughly rinsing off loose food particles. Moisten the brush and apply the cleaner. Brush all surfaces gently to avoid damaging the plastic or bending the attachments. A denture could lose its proper shape if it is not kept moist. At night the denture should be placed in a soaking solution or water. However, if the appliance has metal attachments, they could be tarnished if placed in the wrong soaking solution. Please read carefully the cleanser instructions or ask us for advice.
Will my Denture need adjusting?
Over time, adjustment of your denture may be necessary. As you age your mouth changes naturally which, can affect the fit of the denture. Your bone and gum ridges can recede or shrink resulting in a loose-fitting denture. Dentures that do not fit properly should be adjusted by us. Loose dentures can cause various problems including sores and infections.
See us promptly if your denture becomes loose.
Must I do anything special to take care of my mouth?
Brushing twice a day and cleaning between your teeth daily help prevent tooth decay and gum disease that can lead to tooth loss. Pay special attention to cleaning teeth that fit under the denture’s metal clasps. Plaque that becomes trapped under the clasps will increase the risk of tooth decay.
We can demonstrate how to properly brush and clean between teeth. Following a balanced diet for proper nutrition is also important.
How often should I see my Dentist?
We will advise you on the frequency of your dental visits. For most people this will be at six monthly intervals.
Regular dental check-ups and having your teeth professionally cleaned are vital for maintaining a healthy smile.
Even if you wear full dentures, we recommend an examination visit every 2 or 3 years to screen for signs of pre-cancerous changes in the mouth. We also check for any signs of damage caused by the dentures (can happen without pain).
Is there an alternative to a Partial Denture?
In many cases a bridge is the preferred option.
However, in cases where there are numerous wide gaps in the arch, bridges may not be suitable. We will be able to advise and discuss all possible options with you at your consultation visit.
2) Dental Implants
An implant is a metal fixture that is surgically placed into the jawbone. Over a short period of time it fuses to the jawbone and is then able to have an attachment fitted that supports a crown. They are not suitable in all cases. Referral to an oral surgeon and a specialist reconstructive dentist would be necessary.
Dental implants are a lot more costly than a partial denture or bridge.